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How will the NEP affect the future of education in India?

High impact hiring
By Dainik Bhaskar

April 10, 2023

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1 min read

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Introduction

The purpose of education is to make good human beings with skill and expertise…”
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam

India’s education system has long been criticized for its emphasis on memorization, outdated curriculum, and limited opportunities for research and innovation.

In that backdrop, the National Education Policy 2022 is a welcome move that seeks to address the long-standing gaps in the education system and provide holistic and multidisciplinary education to students, right from the elementary grades to higher education.

According to the Honourable Education Minister Mr. Dharmendra Pradhan, “NEP has envisioned the increase in employability of India`s youth by training students in schools and giving importance to Indian languages. The benefits of this scheme will be seen in a few years and then it will become successful.

Let us take a look at the impact that NEP is expected to have on our country’s education landscape.

Restructuring the Education System

The NEP aims to restructure the education system in India which has been plagued by a rigid and compartmentalized approach to education. The policy proposes to bring about significant changes in the curriculum, traditional practices of teaching, and assessment methods, with a focus on developing the critical thinking and problem-solving skills of the students.

Focus on Digital Education

With the COVID-19 pandemic highlighting the need for digital education, the NEP places a significant emphasis on the use of technology in education. The policy aims to provide universal access to high-quality digital resources, including e-books, e-content, and online courses. The NEP proposes to develop an autonomous organization named the “National Educational Technology Forum”, or NETF, to facilitate the use of technology in education.

Dynamic Skill-Based Curriculum

The NEP recognizes the importance of industry-academia collaboration and proposes to bridge the gap between them by developing an industry-aligned skill-based curriculum. It will ensure that higher education institutions can make students job-ready right faster.

The policy recommends appointing industry professionals and experts as professors to bring real-world experience and industry-relevant knowledge to the classroom. This signals a clear action toward fostering a stronger industry-academia partnership and ensuring that students receive the practical knowledge needed to thrive in the workforce.

Multidisciplinary Education

The NEP proposes providing a multidisciplinary education to students that combines arts, humanities, sciences, and vocational education.

In my conversation with Mr. Ashish Munjal, Co-Founder & CEO of Sunstone University, he shared how multidisciplinary education promotes critical thinking skills, which are essential for succeeding in the 21st-century job-market in India. “The NEP envisions converting all existing standalone professional institutions into multidisciplinary HEIs by 2030. Undergraduate and postgraduate STEM programs are advised to include 8% to 18% of social sciences and humanities to align with core subjects and approaches”.

Choice-based Credit System and Multiple Entry/ Exit Options

The NEP’s introduction of a choice-based credit system and multiple entry and exit options will enable a fluid system that allows for the transfer of credits and facilitates more choice through a combination of compulsory core subjects and elective courses.

Mr. Munjal adds, “The introduction of the choice-based credit system enhances flexibility, ensures recognition of students’ learning achievements, and allows them to choose courses that suit their interests and career goals. Such features can prove to be a landmark in making our higher education system more progressive”.

Prioritizing Digital Skills

The modern job market values professionals equipped with digital skills such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science, blockchain, quantum computing and virtual and augmented reality, with 70% of Indian employers seeking employees with digital skills.

The NEP focuses on teaching these skills to students and making them job-ready. Equipping the youth with digital skills also has the potential to make a profound impact on the country, given that employees with these skills have already contributed ₹10.9 trillion to the GDP of India.

According to Nirmal Singh, Founder and C.E.O at Wheebox, “The government’s focus on teaching digital skills will help create microentrepreneurs in Tier-2 and Tier-3 cities, which can further help create 50 million additional jobs in these fields, by 2030.”

Promoting Research and Innovation

With this policy, the Indian government aims to create an ecosystem that fosters creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurship in education. The NEP proposes to set up a National Research Foundation (NRF) with a total outlay of ₹50,000 Crores over the next five years to fund and promote research in different fields of education in India.

The Way Forward

Nelson Mandela once said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” The NEP has the potential to empower students with the skills and expertise they need to create a better future for themselves and the country.

The implementation of the NEP will require collective efforts from all stakeholders, including the government, academic institutions, industry leaders, and civil society, to create a vibrant and dynamic education ecosystem that will enable India to become a $5 trillion skilled economy by 2030.

About the Author

Pankaj Bansal is the Co- founder of Taggd and Work Universe (a Fund investing in jobs and work tech). He is a non-executive director at Karmayogi Bharat (Capacity building or Civil Servants) and many other startups. Follow him on Twitter at @pankajbansalPB.

By Pankaj Bansal

Co-founder of Taggd and Work Universe

FAQs

What is the new NEP?

The New Education Policy (NEP) 2022 is a comprehensive policy framework aimed at transforming India's education system. It proposes several key reforms, including a shift towards a more holistic and multidisciplinary approach to education, the introduction of vocational education from an early age, and the establishment of a new regulatory body for higher education.

What are the issues with Indian Education Policy?

Some of the key issues with India's education policy include inadequate funding, a lack of emphasis on practical skills development, and a rigid and hierarchical approach to education. The new National Education Policy (NEP) 2022 seeks to address these issues and bring about transformative change in the education system.

What are the benefits of New Education Policy 2022?

By promoting a more inclusive, flexible, and relevant education system, the policy aims to equip students with the skills and knowledge needed to thrive in the 21st-century global economy. Several benefits, including a focus on holistic and multidisciplinary education, the introduction of vocational education from an early age, and increased emphasis on teacher training and development are expected from the New NEP 2022.

What is the impact of NEP 2022?

By promoting a more inclusive education system that focuses on multidisciplinary learning and vocational education, the New Education policy 2022 aims to equip students with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in a rapidly evolving global economy. This is expected to contribute to the country's economic growth and improve social mobility, as a more skilled and innovative workforce can drive innovation and create new opportunities for all segments of society.

What is the future of education in India like?

The future of education in India is likely to be more focused on digital technology and remote learning, as evidenced by recent shifts due to the pandemic. The NEP 2022 also emphasizes the importance of vocational education and training, as well as increased flexibility and choice for students in terms of subjects and learning pathways. Overall, the aim is to create a more inclusive and accessible education system that prepares students for the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century.